logo Calflora Illustrated Plant List 

NPS Early Detection, Point Reyes NS 2016

High priority invasive plant species for early detection in Point Reyes Natinoal Seashore. High priority species are typically not widespread in Point Reyes and/or are feasible to control in many places.
86 PLANTS
Acacia melanoxylon    Blackwood acacia
invasive non-native
Tree

FABACEAE

Acacia melanoxylon
2008 Neal Kramer
Acacia melanoxylon
2019 Julian Geoghegan
Acacia melanoxylon
2009 Neal Kramer

Acroptilon repens    Russian knapweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Acroptilon repens
2017 Barbara Boethling
Acroptilon repens
2013 Richard Spellenberg
Acroptilon repens
2013 Neal Kramer

Aegilops triuncialis    Barbed goatgrass
invasive non-native
Annual grass

POACEAE

Aegilops triuncialis
2019 Jim Xerogeanes
Aegilops triuncialis
2001 Joe DiTomaso
Aegilops triuncialis
2019 Paul Aigner

Ageratina adenophora    Sticky snakeroot,  Thoroughwort
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Ageratina adenophora
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Ageratina adenophora
2017 Keir Morse
Ageratina adenophora
2019 Ron Vanderhoff

Albizia lophantha    Albizia,  Plume acacia,  Stink bean
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

FABACEAE

Albizia lophantha
2002 Dean Wm. Taylor
Albizia lophantha
2008 Neal Kramer
Albizia lophantha
2018 Nicole Leatherman

Alisma lanceolatum    Lanceleaf water plantain
non-native
Perennial herb (aquatic)

ALISMATACEAE

Alisma lanceolatum
2016 Jim Moore
Alisma lanceolatum
2008 Jorg & Mimi Fleige
Alisma lanceolatum
2006 Chet Blackburn

Ammophila arenaria    Beachgrass,  European beach grass,  European beachgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Ammophila arenaria
2009 Neal Kramer
Ammophila arenaria
2015 Zoya Akulova
Ammophila arenaria
2014 Trent M. Draper

Anthoxanthum odoratum    Sweet vernal grass,  Sweet vernalgrass
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial grass

POACEAE

Anthoxanthum odoratum
2008 Zoya Akulova
Anthoxanthum odoratum
2009 Zoya Akulova
Anthoxanthum odoratum
2008 Keir Morse

Arctotheca calendula    Cape weed
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Arctotheca calendula
2009 Doreen L. Smith
Arctotheca calendula
2011 Robert Steers/NPS
Arctotheca calendula
2009 Zoya Akulova

Arctotheca prostrata    prostrate cape weed,  creeping capeweed
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Arctotheca prostrata
2011 Robert Steers
Arctotheca prostrata
2015 Richard Spellenberg
Arctotheca prostrata
2018 Sarah Inman

Arundo donax    Giant reed
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Arundo donax
2018 Henry DiRocco
Arundo donax
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Arundo donax
2019 Ron Vanderhoff

Berberis darwinii    Darwin's berberis
invasive non-native
Shrub

BERBERIDACEAE

Berberis darwinii
2008 Zoya Akulova
Berberis darwinii
2018 Abbot Chambers
Berberis darwinii
2015 Nicholas Stevenson

Brachypodium distachyon    False brome,  Purple false brome
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial grass

POACEAE

Brachypodium distachyon
2008 Zoya Akulova
Brachypodium distachyon
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Brachypodium distachyon
2019 Ron Vanderhoff

Buddleja davidii    Butterfly bush,  Summer lilac
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

SCROPHULARIACEAE

Buddleja davidii
2007 Louis-M. Landry
Buddleja davidii
2011 Michael O'Brien
Buddleja davidii
2011 Mike Perlmutter

Cakile edentula    American searocket,  Sea rocket
non-native
Annual herb

BRASSICACEAE

Cakile edentula
2010 Louis-M. Landry
Cakile edentula
2006 Louis-M. Landry
Cakile edentula
2006 Louis-M. Landry

Calendula arvensis    Field marigold
non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Calendula arvensis
2018 David Wolfson
Calendula arvensis
2018 David Wolfson
Calendula arvensis
2019 Stephany Dery

Carduus acanthoides    Plumeless thistle,  Spiny plumeless thistle
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Carduus acanthoides
2001 CDFA
Carduus acanthoides
2010 Dr.Thomas K. Voekler
Carduus acanthoides
2001 CDFA

Carex pendula    Hanging sedge
invasive non-native
Perennial grasslike herb

CYPERACEAE

Carex pendula
2009 Dean Wm. Taylor, Ph.D.
Carex pendula
2011 Mike Perlmutter
Carex pendula
2017 Ecological Concerns Inc

Carthamus lanatus    Woolly distaff thistle
invasive non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Carthamus lanatus
2019 Lenihan Mazur
Carthamus lanatus
2019 Danielle Carney
Carthamus lanatus
2008 Eric Wrubel

Centaurea calcitrapa    Purple star thistle,  Red star thistle
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Centaurea calcitrapa
2005 Luigi Rignanese
Centaurea calcitrapa
2008 Neal Kramer
Centaurea calcitrapa
2019 MCOSD EDRR

Centaurea iberica    Iberian knapweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Centaurea iberica
2001 CDFA
Centaurea iberica
2001 CDFA
Centaurea iberica
2001 CDFA

Centaurea melitensis    Maltese star thistle,  Napa star thistle,  Tocalote
invasive non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Centaurea melitensis
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Centaurea melitensis
2019 Arlee Montalvo
Centaurea melitensis
2012 Gary McDonald

Centaurea solstitialis    Barnaby's thistle,  Yellow star thistle
invasive non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Centaurea solstitialis
2004 Carol W. Witham
Centaurea solstitialis
2019 Arlee Montalvo
Centaurea solstitialis
2008 Luigi Rignanese

Conicosia pugioniformis    False ice plant,  Narrow leaved iceplant
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

AIZOACEAE

Conicosia pugioniformis
2019 Michael Chasse
Conicosia pugioniformis
2019 Michael Chasse
Conicosia pugioniformis
2015 Michael Chasse

Cotoneaster franchetii    Cotoneaster,  Francheti cotoneaster,  Orange cotoneaster
invasive non-native
Shrub

ROSACEAE

Cotoneaster franchetii
2006 Peter Zika
Cotoneaster franchetii
2001 Joe DiTomaso
Cotoneaster franchetii
2006 Peter Zika

Cotoneaster pannosus    Cotoneaster,  Silverleaf cotoneaster,  Woolly cotoneaster
invasive non-native
Shrub

ROSACEAE

Cotoneaster pannosus
2018 Sara Witt
Cotoneaster pannosus
2018 MCOSD EDRR
Cotoneaster pannosus
2006 Peter Zika

Cytisus scoparius    Scotch broom,  Scotchbroom
invasive non-native
Shrub

FABACEAE

Cytisus scoparius
2008 Zoya Akulova
Cytisus scoparius
2017 Bill Bogdanoff
Cytisus scoparius
2008 Neal Kramer

Datura stramonium    Jimson weed,  Jimsonweed
non-native
Annual herb

SOLANACEAE

Datura stramonium
2013 Neal Kramer
Datura stramonium
2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org
Datura stramonium
2013 Neal Kramer

Delairea odorata    Cape ivy
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Delairea odorata
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Delairea odorata
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Delairea odorata
2019 Ron Vanderhoff

Dittrichia graveolens    Stinkwort
invasive non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Dittrichia graveolens
2008 Keir Morse
Dittrichia graveolens
2019 Andy Jones
Dittrichia graveolens
2017 Ron Vanderhoff

Echium candicans    Pride of madeira
invasive non-native
Shrub

BORAGINACEAE

Echium candicans
2019 Patrick Furtado
Echium candicans
2018 Ron Vanderhoff
Echium candicans
2012 Carl Spencer

Egeria densa    Brazilian water weed,  Brazilian waterweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

HYDROCHARITACEAE

Egeria densa
2001 CDFA
Egeria densa
2009 Barry Rice
Egeria densa
2001 CDFA

Ehrharta calycina    Perennial veldt grass,  Perennial veldtgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Ehrharta calycina
2013 Dale Ritenour
Ehrharta calycina
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Ehrharta calycina
2014 Neal Kramer

Euphorbia oblongata    Eggleaf spurge
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

EUPHORBIACEAE

Euphorbia oblongata
2017 Gary McDonald
Euphorbia oblongata
2017 Gary McDonald
Euphorbia oblongata
2014 Neal Kramer

Fallopia japonica    Japanese knotweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

POLYGONACEAE

Fallopia japonica
2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
Fallopia japonica
2011 Louis-M. Landry
Fallopia japonica
2018 John Malpas

Genista monspessulana    French broom
invasive non-native
Shrub

FABACEAE

Genista monspessulana
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Genista monspessulana
2019 Ron Vanderhoff
Genista monspessulana
2019 Ron Vanderhoff

Geranium purpureum    Herb robert
invasive non-native
Annual, Biennial herb

GERANIACEAE

Geranium purpureum
2016 Toni Corelli
Geranium purpureum
2008 Neal Kramer
Geranium purpureum
2019 Cynthia Powell

Geranium robertianum    Robert geranium,  Robert's geranium
invasive non-native
Annual herb

GERANIACEAE

Geranium robertianum
2014 James Gonsman
Geranium robertianum
2013 Al Keuter
Geranium robertianum
2013 Robert Steers/NPS

Glyceria declinata    Waxy mannagrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Glyceria declinata
2007 Neal Kramer
Glyceria declinata
2011 Christopher Bronny
Glyceria declinata
2013 Jean Pawek

Hedera helix    English ivy
invasive non-native
Vine, Shrub

ARALIACEAE

Hedera helix
2019 Claire Mallen
Hedera helix
1985 Joe DiTomaso
Hedera helix
2009 Phil Pullen

Helichrysum petiolare    Licorice plant
invasive non-native
Shrub, Vine

ASTERACEAE

Helichrysum petiolare
2015 Nicholas Stevenson
Helichrysum petiolare
2015 Nicholas Stevenson
Helichrysum petiolare
2011 Daniel Gluesenkamp

Hypericum grandifolium    malfurada
invasive non-native
Shrub

HYPERICACEAE

Hypericum grandifolium
2011 Eric Wrubel/NPS
Hypericum grandifolium
2011 Mike Perlmutter
Hypericum grandifolium
2011 Eric Wrubel/NPS

Hypericum perforatum    Common st. johnswort,  Klamath weed,  Klamathweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

HYPERICACEAE

Hypericum perforatum
2005 Louis-M. Landry
Hypericum perforatum
2008 Keir Morse
Hypericum perforatum
2018 mark kircher

Ilex aquifolium    English holly,  Holly
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

AQUIFOLIACEAE

Ilex aquifolium
2009 Phil Pullen
Ilex aquifolium
2010 Vernon Smith
Ilex aquifolium
2007 Luisa Arana Navaridas

Iris pseudacorus    Horticultural iris,  Paleyellow iris,  Water iris
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

IRIDACEAE

Iris pseudacorus
2001 Nick Kurzenko
Iris pseudacorus
2004 Nick Kurzenko
Iris pseudacorus
2016 Keir Morse

Lamiastrum galeobdolon    Yellow archangel
non-native
Perennial herb

LAMIACEAE

Lamiastrum galeobdolon
2007 Louis-M. Landry
Lamiastrum galeobdolon
2007 Louis-M. Landry
Lamiastrum galeobdolon
2009 Phil Pullen

Lathyrus latifolius    Everlasting pea,  Perennial pea,  Perennial sweet pea
non-native
Perennial herb

FABACEAE

Lathyrus latifolius
2019 Julie Kierstead Nelson
Lathyrus latifolius
2008 Keir Morse
Lathyrus latifolius
2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lepidium latifolium    Broad leaved pepper grass,  Broadleaved pepperweed,  Perennial pepperweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

BRASSICACEAE

Lepidium latifolium
2002 Jennifer Forman
Lepidium latifolium
2018 Julian Geoghegan
Lepidium latifolium
2010 Zoya Akulova

Leucanthemum vulgare    Oxe eye daisy,  Oxeye daisy
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Leucanthemum vulgare
2005 Lisa Powers
Leucanthemum vulgare
Nick Kurzenko
Leucanthemum vulgare
2019 Julian Geoghegan

Ligustrum lucidum    Glossy privet
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

OLEACEAE

Ligustrum lucidum
2012 Ron Vanderhoff
Ligustrum lucidum
2018 Friends of Five Creeks volunteers
Ligustrum lucidum
2018 MCOSD EDRR

Ligustrum vulgare    European privet
non-native
Tree, Shrub

OLEACEAE

Ligustrum vulgare
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
Ligustrum vulgare
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
Ligustrum vulgare
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Limonium ramosissimum    Algerian sealavender
non-native
Perennial herb

PLUMBAGINACEAE

Limonium ramosissimum
2017 Ron Vanderhoff
Limonium ramosissimum
2018 Ron Vanderhoff L. durusculum LEFT. L. ramosissimum RIGHT.
Limonium ramosissimum
2016 Tori Bohlen

Linaria vulgaris    Butter and eggs
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

PLANTAGINACEAE

Linaria vulgaris
2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
Linaria vulgaris
2014 John Doyen
Linaria vulgaris
2013 Ron Wolf

Ludwigia hexapetala    Ludwigia,  Six petal water primrose
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ONAGRACEAE

Ludwigia hexapetala
2014 Neal Kramer
Ludwigia hexapetala
2015 Neal Kramer
Ludwigia hexapetala
2000 Joe DiTomaso

Ludwigia peploides ssp. montevedensis    Floating primrose willow,  Floating water primrose,  Marsh purslane
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ONAGRACEAE

Ludwigia peploides ssp. montevedensis
2007 Neal Kramer
Ludwigia peploides ssp. montevedensis
2007 Neal Kramer
Ludwigia peploides ssp. montevedensis
2012 Jean Pawek

Marrubium vulgare    White horehound
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

LAMIACEAE

Marrubium vulgare
2019 Aaron Echols
Marrubium vulgare
2013 Gary McDonald
Marrubium vulgare
2013 Gary McDonald

Maytenus boaria    Mayten
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

CELASTRACEAE

Maytenus boaria
2011 Sam Abercrombie
Maytenus boaria
2012 Sam Abercrombie
Maytenus boaria
2011 Sam Abercrombie

Myriophyllum aquaticum    Parrot feather watermilfoil,  Parrot's feather
invasive non-native
Perennial herb (aquatic)

HALORAGACEAE

Myriophyllum aquaticum
2011 Louis-M. Landry
Myriophyllum aquaticum
2012 John Morley
Myriophyllum aquaticum
2018 Sarah Inman

Myriophyllum spicatum    American milfoil,  Eurasian milfoil,  Spike watermilfoil
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

HALORAGACEAE

Myriophyllum spicatum
2014 Zoya Akulova
Myriophyllum spicatum
2019 Zack Bradford
Myriophyllum spicatum
2019 Zack Bradford

Nassella tenuissima    Finestem needlegrass,  Mexican feathergrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Nassella tenuissima
2018 michelle peruzzi
Nassella tenuissima
2015 Keir Morse
Nassella tenuissima
2017 James Bailey

Oxalis pes-caprae    Bermuda buttercup,  Sourgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

OXALIDACEAE

Oxalis pes-caprae
2019 Gary McDonald
Oxalis pes-caprae
2019 Randy Huey
Oxalis pes-caprae
2018 Ron Vanderhoff

Paspalum dilatatum    Dallis grass,  Dallisgrass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Paspalum dilatatum
2018 Ron Vanderhoff
Paspalum dilatatum
2006 Steven Thorsted
Paspalum dilatatum
2009 Barry Rice

Pennisetum clandestinum    Kikuyu grass,  Kikuyugrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Pennisetum clandestinum
2019 Cynthia Powell
Pennisetum clandestinum
2008 Neal Kramer
Pennisetum clandestinum
2017 Nick Graver

Phalaris arundinacea    Reed canarygrass
native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Phalaris arundinacea
2008 Keir Morse
Phalaris arundinacea
2009 Barry Rice
Phalaris arundinacea
2011 Ramona Robison

Phalaris elongata    Kolea grass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Phalaris elongata
2018 Steven Cognac
Phalaris elongata
2018 Sarah Inman
Phalaris elongata
2018 Steven Cognac

Pittosporum undulatum    Australian cheesewood,  Victorian box
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

PITTOSPORACEAE

Pittosporum undulatum
2008 Zoya Akulova
Pittosporum undulatum
2018 Ron Vanderhoff
Pittosporum undulatum
2018 Ron Vanderhoff

Rhamnus alaternus    Italian buckthorn
invasive non-native
Shrub

RHAMNACEAE

Rhamnus alaternus
2015 Ron Vanderhoff
Rhamnus alaternus
2015 Ron Vanderhoff
Rhamnus alaternus
2011 Eric Wrubel

Robinia pseudoacacia    Black locust
invasive non-native
Tree

FABACEAE

Robinia pseudoacacia
2008 Keir Morse
Robinia pseudoacacia
2000 Joe DiTomaso
Robinia pseudoacacia
2016 Ron Vanderhoff

Romulea rosea var. australis    Rosy sand crocus,  Rosy sandcrocus
non-native
Perennial herb

IRIDACEAE

Romulea rosea var. australis
2019 Janice Kuch
Romulea rosea var. australis
2018 Adam Chasey
Romulea rosea var. australis
2002 Dean Wm. Taylor

Rubus discolor    Elmleaf blackberry
non-native
Vine, Shrub

ROSACEAE

Rubus discolor
2005 Luigi Rignanese
Rubus discolor
2005 Luigi Rignanese
Rubus discolor
2005 Luigi Rignanese

Rytidosperma penicillatum    Purple awned wallaby grass ,  Hairy oat grass,  Poverty grass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Rytidosperma penicillatum
2010 Robert Steers/NPS
Rytidosperma penicillatum
2011 Eric Wrubel, NPS
Rytidosperma penicillatum
2009 Zoya Akulova

Salsola soda    Alkali russian thistle,  Oppositeleaf russian thistle
invasive non-native
Annual herb

CHENOPODIACEAE

Salsola soda
2009 Zoya Akulova
Salsola soda
2016 Cal-IPC
Salsola soda
2000 Joe DiTomaso

Senecio jacobaea    Stinking willie,  Tansy ragwort
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Senecio jacobaea
2018 Jennifer Mo
Senecio jacobaea
2014 Richard Spellenberg
Senecio jacobaea
2019 Richard Spellenberg

Solanum aviculare    New zealand nightshade,  Nightshade
invasive non-native
Shrub

SOLANACEAE

Solanum aviculare
2009 James Gonsman
Solanum aviculare
2018 Ron Vanderhoff
Solanum aviculare
2017 Barbara Boethling

Spartina alterniflora    Salt water cord grass,  Smooth cordgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Spartina alterniflora
2009 Zoya Akulova
Spartina alterniflora
2010 Louis-M. Landry
Spartina alterniflora
2009 Zoya Akulova

Spartium junceum    Gorse,  Spanish broom
invasive non-native
Shrub

FABACEAE

Spartium junceum
2016 Steve Matson
Spartium junceum
2006 Jennifer Naegele
Spartium junceum
2008 Neal Kramer

Stipa chaetophora    Stipoid ricegrass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Stipa chaetophora
2011 Robert Steers/NPS
Stipa chaetophora
2011 Robert Steers/NPS

Stipa manicata    Andean tussockgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Stipa manicata
2011 Eric Wrubel, NPS
Stipa manicata
2018 Eitan Kiin (MCOSD Restoration Crew)
Stipa manicata
2011 Eric Wrubel, NPS

Stipa miliacea    Smilo grass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Stipa miliacea
2018 Ron Vanderhoff
Stipa miliacea
2000 Joe DiTomaso
Stipa miliacea
2016 Zoya Akulova

Stipa purpurata    Bristly needle grass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Stipa purpurata
2011 Robert Steers/NPS
Stipa purpurata
2011 Steve Matson
Stipa purpurata
2001 CDFA

Tetragonia tetragonioides    New zealand spinach
invasive non-native
Annual herb

AIZOACEAE

Tetragonia tetragonioides
2018 Ron Vanderhoff
Tetragonia tetragonioides
2009 Neal Kramer
Tetragonia tetragonioides
2014 Zoya Akulova

Tradescantia fluminensis    Small leaf spiderwort
non-native
Perennial herb

COMMELINACEAE

Tradescantia fluminensis
2018 Amy Rapport
Tradescantia fluminensis
2016 Catey Ritchie
Tradescantia fluminensis
2018 Michelle Forys

Trifolium angustifolium    Narrow leaved clover,  Narrowleaf crimson clover
non-native
Annual herb

FABACEAE

Trifolium angustifolium
2017 Gary Morgret
Trifolium angustifolium
2019 Gary McDonald
Trifolium angustifolium
2019 Miao Ling He

Ulex europaeus    Common gorse
invasive non-native
Shrub

FABACEAE

Ulex europaeus
2006 David A. Tharp
Ulex europaeus
2011 Zoya Akulova
Ulex europaeus
2008 Zoya Akulova

Vinca major    Bigleaf periwinkle,  Greater periwinkle,  Vinca
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

APOCYNACEAE

Vinca major
2018 Ron Vanderhoff
Vinca major
2007 Luigi Rignanese
Vinca major
2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Xanthium spinosum    Spiny clotbur,  Spiny cockleburr
non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Xanthium spinosum
2018 Joslyn Curtis
Xanthium spinosum
2014 Richard Spellenberg
Xanthium spinosum
2010 Zoya Akulova