2021 Jennifer Mo 2019 Randy Huey 2019 Michael Sturtevant 2019 Bill Beatie 2018 Stacie Wolny 2018 Stacie Wolny 2019 Randy Huey 2019 Michael Sturtevant 2012 BOB CASE 2019 Bob Huttar 2018 Stacie Wolny 2018 Elheran Francis 2017 Gary McDonald 2017 Gary McDonald 2023 John Fairbank
Euphorbia oblongata is a perennial herb that is not native to California.
Euphorbia: named for Euphorbus, Greek physician of Juba II, King of Mauretania. Juba was educated in Rome and married the daughter of Antony and Cleopatra. He had written about an African cactus-like plant he knew about from the slopes of Mt. Atlas which was used as a powerful laxative. That plant may have been Euphorbia resinifera, and like all Euphorbias had a latexy exudate. Euphorbus had a brother named Antonius Musa who was the physician to Augustus Caesar in Rome. When Juba heard that Caesar had honored his physician with a statue, he decided to honor his own physician by naming the plant he had written about after him. The word Euphorbus derives from eu, "good," and phorbe, "pasture or fodder," thus giving euphorbos the meaning "well fed." Some sources suggest that Juba was amused by the play upon words and chose his physician's name for the plant because of its succulent nature and because of Euphorbus' corpulent physique. (contributed by Cynthia Powell)
[Cal-IPC] Ecological effect: Euphorbia oblongata (oblong spurge) is a perennial forb/herb (family Euphorbiaceae) found sporadically in California. This plant may be toxic to humans. It is inedible to wildlife and inhibits the growth of surrounding plants. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)
[Wikipedia] Eurasia native: Euphorbia oblongata is a species of spurge known by the common names Balkan spurge, eggleaf spurge and oblong spurge. It is native to Eurasia but can be found elsewhere as a weedy introduced species. This is a hairy perennial herb growing to maximum heights of just over half a metre. It has oval-shaped or narrow leaves with finely toothed edges which are 4 to 6 centimetres long. The foliage is green to yellow-green. The inflorescences hold tiny glandular flowers. The fruit is a spherical capsule about half a centimetre long which contains smooth brown seeds. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)
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Information on California plants for education, research and conservation,
with data contributed by
public and private institutions and individuals.
[web application]. 2023. Berkeley, California:The Calflora Database
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