logo Calflora Categories
Updated August 16, 2022
Calflora groups plants into seven categories, listed below.

For similar ways of grouping plants, see Jepson eFlora sections, USDA PLANTS groups, and the Flora of North America taxonomic hierarchy.


angiosperm

Flowering plants. (Wikipedia article on flowering plants.)

Example: Rosa californica, California wild rose, in the Rosaceae family.

Vascular
fern

(Wikipedia article on ferns.)

Example: Adiantum aleuticum, five finger fern, in the Pteridaceae family.

Vascular
gymnosperm

Conifers and cycads. (Wikipedia article on gymnosperms.)

Example: Abies concolor, white fir, in the Pinaceae family.

Vascular
lycophyte

Clubmosses, spikemosses and quillworts. (Wikipedia article on Lycopodiopsida.)

Example: Isoetes bolanderi, Bolander's quillwort, in the Isoetaceae family.

Vascular
alga

(Wikipedia article on algae.)

Example: Undaria pinnatifida, wakame, in the Alariaceae family.

Non-Vascular
bryophyte

Mosses, liverworts and hornworts. (Wikipedia article on bryophytes.)

Example: Asterella californica, California perianth liverwort, in the Aytoniaceae family.

Non-Vascular 1
lichen

(Wikipedia article on lichen.)

Example: Usnea longissima, Methuselah's beard lichen, in the Parmeliaceae family.

Non-Vascular

1 Bryophytes are conventionally considered non-vascular. Some mosses have conductive tissue that transports water in a way similar to vascular plants.