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Taxon  Report  
Quercus turbinella  Greene
Grey oak,   Shrub live oak,   Sonoran scrub oak
Quercus turbinella is a shrub that is native to California, and also found elsewhere in western North America.
California Rare Plant Rank: 4.3 (limited distribution).
Siskiyou Del Norte Modoc Humboldt Shasta Lassen Trinity Plumas Tehama Butte Mendocino Glenn Sierra Yuba Lake Nevada Colusa Placer Sutter El Dorado Yolo Alpine Napa Sonoma Sacramento Mono Amador Solano Calaveras Tuolumne San Joaquin Marin Contra Costa Alameda Santa Cruz Mariposa Madera San Francisco San Mateo Merced Fresno Stanislaus Santa Clara Inyo San Benito Tulare Kings Monterey San Bernardino San Luis Obispo Kern Santa Barbara Ventura Los Angeles Riverside Orange San Diego Imperial
Observation Search
~165 records in California
yellowone or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Bloom Period
Genus: Quercus
Family: Fagaceae  
Category: angiosperm  
PLANTS group:Dicot
Jepson eFlora section: eudicot

Toxicity: Do not eat the fruit or leaf of this plant.

Communities: Pinyon-Juniper Woodland, Joshua Tree Woodland

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + CNPS + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTSQuercus dumosa var. turbinella
Information about  Quercus turbinella from other sources
Nursery availability from CNPLX
This plant is available commercially.
Jepson eFlora


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[wikipedia] Distribution, Ecology: Distribution Quercus turbinella has been found in Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, Nevada, southern California, and western Texas, as well as Baja California.[7][4] In California, it occurs in the New York mountains and a few eastern California desert ranges. The populations on the desert mountains in the western Mojave desert and the inner coastal ranges are now considered Quercus john-tuckeri.[8][9] It grows in woodland, chaparral, forest, and other habitat. It is most common in chaparral habitat in central Arizona,[5] through the transition zone of the Mogollon Rim White Mountains, but also southeast Arizona in the Madrean Sky Island mountain ranges of sky islands.[10] Ecology Quercus turbinella easily hybridizes with other oak species, including Quercus gambelii, Q. havardii, Q. arizonica, and Q. grisea.[5] Many species of animals use it for food, with wild and domesticated ungulates browsing the foliage and many birds and mammals eating the acorns.[5] Animals also use the shrub as cover, and mountain lions hide their kills in the thickets.[5] (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals. [web application]. 2024. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: 05/18/2024).