2012 Tim Gibson 2019 Joe Woods 2022 Joe Woods 2018 Joe Woods 2018 Joe Woods 2021 Joe Woods 2014 Zoya Akulova 2008 Louis-M. Landry 2019 Joe Woods 2018 Joe Woods 2021 Joe Woods 2021 Joe Woods 2010 Neal Kramer
Elaeagnus angustifolia is a tree or shrub that is not native to California.
[Wikipedia] Distibution, Native to: Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive, silver berry, oleaster, or wild olive, is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, parts of Pakistan and parts of India.[better source needed] As of 2020, it is widely established in North America as an introduced species. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)
[Wikipedia] Invasive behavior: The species was introduced into North America by the late 19th century, and was both planted and spread through the consumption of its fruits (which seldom ripen in England), by birds, which disperse the seeds. Russian olive is considered to be an invasive species in many places in the United States because it thrives on poor soil, has high seedling survival rates, matures in a few years, and out-competes the native vegetation. It often invades riparian habitats where the canopy of cottonwood trees has died. Its quick-spreading root system can make it pest-like. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)
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Information on California plants for education, research and conservation,
with data contributed by
public and private institutions and individuals.
[web application]. 2023. Berkeley, California:The Calflora Database
[a non-profit organization].Available: