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Taxon  Report  
Elaeagnus angustifolia  L.
Oleaster,   Russian olive
Elaeagnus angustifolia is a tree or shrub that is not native to California.
Cal-IPC rating: moderate
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Observation Search
~270 records in California
redone or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Bloom Period
Genus: Elaeagnus
Family: Elaeagnaceae  
Category: angiosperm  
PLANTS group:Dicot
Jepson eFlora section: eudicot

Wetlands: Equally likely to occur in wetlands and non wetlands

Communities: escaped cultivar

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTSElaeagnus angustifolia var. orientalis
JEFElaeagnus angustifolius
Information about  Elaeagnus angustifolia from other sources

[Wikipedia] Distibution, Native to: Elaeagnus angustifolia, commonly called Russian olive,[1] silver berry,[2] oleaster,[2] or wild olive,[2] is a species of Elaeagnus, native to western and central Asia, Iran, from southern Russia and Kazakhstan to Turkey, parts of Pakistan and parts of India.[3][better source needed] As of 2020, it is widely established in North America as an introduced species. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)

[Wikipedia] Invasive behavior: The species was introduced into North America by the late 19th century, and was both planted and spread through the consumption of its fruits (which seldom ripen in England),[15] by birds, which disperse the seeds.[11] Russian olive is considered to be an invasive species in many places in the United States because it thrives on poor soil, has high seedling survival rates, matures in a few years, and out-competes the native vegetation. It often invades riparian habitats where the canopy of cottonwood trees has died. Its quick-spreading root system can make it pest-like. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals. [web application]. 2024. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: 05/18/2024).