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Taxon  Report  
Cornus nuttallii  Audubon
Mountain dogwood,   Pacific dogwood,   Pacific mountain dogwood
Cornus nuttallii is a shrub that is native to California, and also found elsewhere in western North America.
Siskiyou Del Norte Modoc Humboldt Shasta Lassen Trinity Plumas Tehama Butte Mendocino Glenn Sierra Yuba Lake Nevada Colusa Placer Sutter El Dorado Yolo Alpine Napa Sonoma Sacramento Mono Amador Solano Calaveras Tuolumne San Joaquin Marin Contra Costa Alameda Santa Cruz Mariposa Madera San Francisco San Mateo Merced Fresno Stanislaus Santa Clara Inyo San Benito Tulare Kings Monterey San Bernardino San Luis Obispo Kern Santa Barbara Ventura Los Angeles Riverside Orange San Diego Imperial
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Bloom Period
Genus: Cornus
Family: Cornaceae  
Category: angiosperm  
PLANTS group:Dicot
Jepson eFlora section: eudicot

Wetlands: Occurs usually in non wetlands, occasionally in wetlands

Communities: Yellow Pine Forest, Red Fir Forest, Lodgepole Forest

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTSBenthamidia nuttallii
Information about  Cornus nuttallii from other sources
Nursery availability from CNPLX
This plant is available commercially.
Jepson eFlora

USDA PLANTS Profile (CONU4)

Photos on Calflora

Photos on CalPhotos

Google Images

Photos on iNaturalist

ID Tips on PlantID.net

[Wikipedia] Description, Distribution, Habitat: Cornus nuttallii, the Pacific dogwood,[1][2] western dogwood,[3] or mountain dogwood,[2] is a species of dogwood tree native to western North America. The tree's name used by Hul'q'umi'num'-speaking nations is Kwi?txulhp.[4] Description The small flowers are in a dense cluster surrounded by large white bracts. It is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree, reaching 6 to 23 metres (20 to 75 feet) tall, often with a canopy spread of 6 m (20 ft). Its habit varies based on the level of sunlight; in full sun it will have a short trunk with a crown as wide as it is tall, while under a canopy it will have a tapered trunk with a short, slender crown.[5] The trunk attains 15 to 30 centimetres (6 to 12 in) in diameter. The bark is reddish brown.[6] The branches have fine hairs and the young bark is thin and smooth, becoming scale-like with ridges as it ages.[5] The leaves are opposite, simple, oval. They turn orange to purplish in autumn.[6] The flowers are individually small and inconspicuous, 2 to 3 millimetres (1//16 to 1/8 in) across. The flowers commonly bloom twice per season, once in the spring and again in late summer or early fall.[5][3] The fruit is a compound pink-red or orange drupe about 1 to 1.5 cm. long, in clusters containing 20 to 40 drupelets, each of which contains two seeds. They appear in September or October.[3][5] Distribution and habitat Pacific Dogwood in the understory of a forest, showing its typical habit. It occurs from the lowlands of southern British Columbia to the mountains of southern California. There exists an inland population in central Idaho, where it is considered critically imperiled. It occurs predominantly below 1,500 m (4,900 ft) in elevation.[5] Cultivated examples are found as far north as Haida Gwaii. It has high flood tolerance, and is common along streams with moist but well-drained soils, often on gentle slopes. Soil composition can range from clay to sandy loam, and it prefers a high humus content, moderate to high nutrient levels, and acidic soils with a pH from 5.5 to 6. It has low frost tolerance, and is usually found in low-elevation temperate or mesothermal climates.[5] It is hardy to USDA zone 7.[3] (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)


Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals. [web application]. 2024. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: 04/16/2024).