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Taxon  Report  
Cenchrus echinatus  L.
Southern sandbur
Cenchrus echinatus is an annual grasslike herb that is not native to California.
There is a high risk of this plant becoming invasive in California according to Cal-IPC.
Siskiyou Del Norte Modoc Humboldt Shasta Lassen Trinity Plumas Tehama Butte Mendocino Glenn Sierra Yuba Lake Nevada Colusa Placer Sutter El Dorado Yolo Alpine Napa Sonoma Sacramento Mono Amador Solano Calaveras Tuolumne San Joaquin Marin Contra Costa Alameda Santa Cruz Mariposa Madera San Francisco San Mateo Merced Fresno Stanislaus Santa Clara Inyo San Benito Tulare Kings Monterey San Bernardino San Luis Obispo Kern Santa Barbara Ventura Los Angeles Riverside Orange San Diego Imperial
Observation Search
~89 records in California
redone or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Bloom Period
Genus: Cenchrus
Family: Poaceae  
Category: angiosperm  
PLANTS group:Monocot
Jepson eFlora section: monocot

Arid West: Occurs usually in non wetlands, occasionally in wetlands
Mountains, Valleys and Coast: Occurs in non wetlands

Habitat: disturbed

Communities: weed, characteristic of disturbed places

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTSCenchrus echinatus var. hillebrandianus
Information about  Cenchrus echinatus from other sources

[Wikipedia] North & South America native, Description: Cenchrus echinatus is a species of grass known by the common names southern sandbur,[1] spiny sandbur,[2] southern sandspur, and in Australia, Mossman River grass.[3][4] It is native to North and South America. It is a clump-forming annual grass growing up to 80 cm (31 in) tall. The leaves occur with or without hairs and measure up to 12 mm (0.47 in) wide. The ligule is a fringe of hairs. The grass has barbed burrs of 4?10 mm (0.16?0.39 in) long. In Australia it forms an invasive weed in coastal situations. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)

[Cal-IPC] Invasive Watch List: Cenchrus echinatus (southern sandbur) is an annual grass (family Poaceae) that can grow up to 30 inches tall and is found in the San Francisco Bay area and the south coast and desert ranges of California. It is native to the southern United States, Mexico, Central America and South America. It favors grasslands and dunes. It spreads via seeds which can attach to clothing or animals and can be carried by wind or water. Cal-IPC Rating: Watch (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals. [web application]. 2024. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: 05/19/2024).