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Taxon  Report  
Fumaria muralis  Koch
Wall fumitory
Fumaria muralis is an annual herb that is not native to California.
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Genus: Fumaria
Family: Papaveraceae  
(Fumariaceae)
Category: angiosperm  
PLANTS group:Dicot
Jepson eFlora section: eudicot

Habitat: disturbed
Information about  Fumaria muralis from other sources
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[Wikipedia] Europe and Africa native, Description: Fumaria muralis, known as common ramping-fumitory[1] or wall fumitory, is a flowering herbaceous plant in the poppy family (Papaveraceae) native to western Europe and northwestern Africa. Description Fumaria muralis is a delicate annual plant that flowers in spring. It is most easily distinguished by its flowers, which have pink petals with dark red or purple tips. There are about twelve flowers per inflorescence.[2] The stems are initially erect then become sprawling or climbing. They are weak and many-branched, up to 1000 mm (39.4 in) long, and hairless. [3] The leaves are green or glaucous-green, polyternate, 2- to 4-pinnatisect [clarification needed] with narrowly elliptic or oblong last order segments. The first leaves grow singly and are 7 to 15 mm (0.3-0.6 in) long with a stalk 7 to 15 mm (0.3-0.6 in), and have three hairless leaflets.[3] Later leaves become more compound and lobed. Mature leaves are three times deeply lobed with three or more leaflets, 3 to 15 mm (0.1-0.6 in) long. Alternate leaves form a rosette. Leaf segments are egg-shaped to triangular and usually three-lobed and hairless. The blade is gray-green to blue-green, flat, and up to 80 mm long x 40 mm wide (3.2 x 1.6 in).[3] The flowers are grouped in axillary racemes. Pedicels are subtended by a linear bract and are straight or recurved outwards at fruitification. The corolla is pink, sometimes lightly so, and dark red or purple at the apex; it is 9 to 12 mm (0.35 to 0.47 in) in length. It is made up of four petals of which the outer upper and lower ones are free while the two inner ones are fused into a tube closed at the apex. The upper petal is basally prolonged into a spur and ends with two upturned wings, while the lower one has two narrow, spreading or erect wings. The stigma bears three lobes of which the central one is distinctly smaller than the others. There are two sepals laterally attached to the corolla that are whitish with a green midrib, ovate to broadly oblong, dentate at margin in lower two thirds and measuring 3 to 5 mm (0.12-0.2 in) long and 1.5 to 3 mm (0.06-0.12 in) wide. The fruit is an achene which is globose to broadly ovate with an almost smooth to slightly rugose (wrinkled) surface. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)


Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals. [web application]. 2024. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: 04/16/2024).