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Taxon  Report  
Cakile maritima  Scop.
European searocket,   Sea rocket
Cakile maritima is an annual herb that is not native to California.
Cal-IPC rating: limited
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Observation Search
(2119 records)
redone or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Bloom Period
Genus: Cakile
Family: Brassicaceae  
Category: angiosperm  
PLANTS group:Dicot
Jepson eFlora section: eudicot

Arid West: Equally likely to occur in wetlands and non wetlands
Mountains, Valleys and Coast: Occurs usually in non wetlands, occasionally in wetlands

Communities: wetland-riparian

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTSCakile cakile
Information about  Cakile maritima from other sources

[Cal-IPC] Invasiveness: Cakile maritima (European sea rocket) is a succulent annual or perennial (family Brassicaceae) found in coastal dunes spread throughout the coast of California. European sea rocket is a common invasive plant, but its impacts appear to be relatively minor. European sea rocket reproduces by seed, which is distributed by ship ballasts, sand transport, tidal movement, and human activity. In comparison to native dune plants, it produces more seed, disperses greater distances, and tolerates more disturbances. Laboratory experiments demonstrate that the plant may have allelopathic effects, but these effects have not been observed in field experiments. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)

[www.centralcoastbiodiversity.org] Europe native: Habitat & Range: European rocket grows on sandy beaches. It is an introduced species from Europe found along some coastlines in the United States and British Columbia. European searocket appears to be replacing American searocket along the west coasts of both North America and Australia. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals. [web application]. 2023. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: 12/05/2023).