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Taxon  Report  
Euphorbia virgata  Waldst. & Kit.
Leafy spurge
Euphorbia virgata is a perennial herb that is not native to California.
Cal-IPC rating: high
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Observation Search
~264 records in California
redone or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Bloom Period
Genus: Euphorbia
Family: Euphorbiaceae  
Category: angiosperm  
PLANTS group:Dicot
Jepson eFlora section: eudicot

Toxicity: Skin irritation from touching the sap of this plant.
Name Status:
Accepted by JEF

Alternate Names:
ICPNEuphorbia esula
Information about  Euphorbia virgata from other sources

[Wikipedia] Europe & Asia native, invasiveness: Euphorbia virgata, commonly known as leafy spurge, wolf's milk leafy spurge, or wolf's milk is a species of spurge native to Europe and Asia, and introduced in North America, where it is an invasive species. Leafy spurge was transported to the United States possibly as a seed impurity in the early 19th century. It now occurs across much of the northern U.S., with the most extensive infestations reported for Montana, North Dakota, Nebraska, South Dakota, and Wyoming. Since the introduction of leafy spurge to the United States, it has been found in 458 counties in 26 states.[2] It has been identified as a serious weed on a number of national parks and on reserves of The Nature Conservancy in eleven northern states. It is now classified as an invasive species by the United States Department of Agriculture. (link added by Mary Ann Machi)

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals. [web application]. 2024. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: 07/23/2024).