2019 Ken Hickman 2019 Matt Berger 2019 Matt Berger 2015 Robert Barnard 2019 Ken Hickman 2021 David popp 2019 Sara Timby 2020 Ken Hickman 2023 Hunter Breck 2017 Robert Barnard 2019 Association of Bay Area Walkers 2019 Association of Bay Area Walkers 2017 Steven Perry
Lewisia rediviva var. rediviva is a perennial herb that is native to California, and also found elsewhere in western North America.
[science.halleyhosting.com] Description, Native American food source: Bitterroot is a very attractive wildflower suited for dry, naturalized gardens. It is a low plant with numerous narrow leaves in a basal rosette (See photo at right.), and lacking a large flower stem with leaves. The thick, fleshy leaves appear before the flowers appear and whither as the flowers bloom. The leaves range from 1.5-5 cm long and are linear-clavate. The short, leafless stem ranges from 1-3 cm tall, and has a whorl of 5-6 linear bracts from 5-10 mm long at its tip.
The large showy flowers are variable in color, from whitish, rose, to deep pink and occasionally a light peach color. The 12-18 (usually 15) petals are oblong-oblanceolate in shape from 18-35 mm long. The 6-9 (usually 4) sepals are oval, 10-25 mm long, and often similar in color to the petals. The stamens are numerous, numbering 30-50. There may be just one flower on the stem, but more typically there are 2-3. After flowering, the sepals close around the ovary. On maturation of the seeds, the sepals and enclosed ovary as a unit tend to break free of the scape and are then blown across the ground, scattering seeds away from the parent.
The fleshy taproot, although bitter in taste, was highly prized by native Americans as a food source. Commonly it was dug as the leaves developed, at a period when they were less bitter. They were peeled and boiled, then eaten immediately or dried for later use. The bitterroot is also the state flower of Montana. (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)
2019 Ken Hickman:!2019 Matt Berger:!2019 Matt Berger:!2015 Robert Barnard:!2019 Ken Hickman:!2021 David popp:!2019 Sara Timby:!2020 Ken Hickman:!2023 Hunter Breck:!2017 Robert Barnard:!2019 Association of Bay Area Walkers:!2019 Association of Bay Area Walkers:!2017 Steven Perry:!
Information on California plants for education, research and conservation,
with data contributed by
public and private institutions and individuals.
[web application]. 2023. Berkeley, California:The Calflora Database
[a non-profit organization].Available: