Calflora
Taxon  Report   6465    
Phragmites australis  (Cav.) Steud.
Common reed
Phragmites australis, a monocot, is a perennial grass that is native to California and and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond. This plant can be invasive in parts of California.
Siskiyou Del Norte Modoc Humboldt Shasta Lassen Trinity Plumas Tehama Butte Mendocino Glenn Sierra Yuba Lake Nevada Colusa Placer Sutter El Dorado Yolo Alpine Napa Sonoma Sacramento Mono Amador Solano Calaveras Tuolumne San Joaquin Marin Contra Costa Alameda Santa Cruz Mariposa Madera San Francisco San Mateo Merced Fresno Stanislaus Santa Clara Inyo San Benito Tulare Kings Monterey San Bernardino San Luis Obispo Kern Santa Barbara Ventura Los Angeles Riverside Orange San Diego Imperial
Observation Search
(506 records)
one or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Bloom Period
Family: POACEAE  
Genus: Phragmites

Wetlands: Occurs usually in wetlands, occasionally in non wetlands

Communities: Alkali Sink, Creosote Bush Scrub, Yellow Pine Forest, Foothill Woodland, Chaparral, Valley Grassland, (many plant communities), wetland-riparian

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTS: Phragmites australis var. berlandieri
PLANTS: Phragmites communis ssp. berlandieri
PLANTS: Phragmites communis var. berlandieri
. . .
More information about  Phragmites australis
Nursery availability from CNPLX
This plant is available commercially.
Jepson eFlora

USDA PLANTS Profile (PHAU7)

Phragmites Field Guide:  Distinguishing native and exotic forms of Phragmites australis in the United States. Jil Swearingen and Kristin Saltonstall (Plant Conservation Alliance)

Cal-IPC 2006:  Species Native to Part of California, but Invasive in Other Parts of the State


Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the Consortium of California Herbaria. [web application]. 2020. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: Jul 11, 2020).