Taxon  Report   2882    
Echinochloa crus-galli  (L.) P. Beauv.
Barnyard grass,  Japanese millet, Watergrass
Echinochloa crus-galli
© 2003 George W. Hartwell
Photos from
CalPhotos / Calflora
Echinochloa crus-galli
© 2011 Eric Wrubel/NPS
Echinochloa crus-galli
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese
Echinochloa crus-galli, a monocot, is an annual grass that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild.

Interactive Distribution Map

Observation Hotline
(observation details)

point, line, or polygon

Plant Characteristics
and Associations

Bloom Period
Echinochloa crus-galli
© 2008 Zoya Akulova
Family: POACEAE  
Genus: Echinochloa
Communities: wetland-riparian

Arid West: Occurs usually in wetlands, occasionally in non wetlands
Mountains, Valleys and Coast: Equally likely to occur in wetlands and non wetlands

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTS: Panicum crus-galli
ICPN + PLANTS: Echinochloa crus-galli ssp. spiralis
ICPN: Echinochloa crus-galli var. zelayensis
More information about  Echinochloa crus-galli
Nursery / seed vendor availability from CNPLX
Commercial availability unknown.
Photos on   /   Google Images
UC Integrated Pest Management Weed Photo Gallery
(profile of this plant as an agricultural weed)

Jepson eFlora

Records from the Consortium of California Herbaria

ITIS Original Publication citation


Search the International Plants Names Index

Search (Flora of North America)

website references from Google

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the Consortium of California Herbaria. [web application]. 2019. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available:   (Accessed: Jan 16, 2019).