Taxon  Report   1479    
Cardamine californica  (Nutt.) Greene
Bitter cress,  California toothwort, milk maids
Cardamine californica
© 2004 Christopher L. Christie
Photos from
CalPhotos / Calflora
Cardamine californica
© 2018 Diane Etchison
Cardamine californica
© 2004 Christopher L. Christie
Cardamine californica, a dicot, is a perennial herb that is native to California, is also found outside of California, but is confined to western North America.

Interactive Distribution Map

Observation Hotline
(observation details)

point, line, or polygon

Plant Characteristics
and Associations

Bloom Period
Cardamine californica
© 2004 Christopher L. Christie
Genus: Cardamine
Communities: (many plant communities), Foothill Woodland, Redwood Forest, Mixed Evergreen Forest, Coastal Prairie, Northern Oak Woodland

Habitat: streambanks, slopes

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
ICPN: Dentaria pachystigma var. dissectifolia
ICPN: Dentaria californica
ICPN: Dentaria californica var. sinuata
. . .
More information about  Cardamine californica
Nursery / seed vendor availability from CNPLX
Commercial availability unknown.
Landscaping information from Calscape
Photos on   /   Google Images
Jepson eFlora

Records from the Consortium of California Herbaria

ITIS Original Publication citation


Search the International Plants Names Index

Search (Flora of North America)

website references from Google

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the Consortium of California Herbaria. [web application]. 2019. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available:   (Accessed: Jan 18, 2019).