Enter a complete name or a partially specified name using %
as a wildcard character. You may enter % more than once.
The field is case-sensitive, as genus names are capitalized.
Names of Hybrid Species:
Binomial names of hybrid species are properly rendered with an
× (ascii 215, the multiplication sign)
before the specific epithet.
× (ascii 215)
is difficult to type, Calflora stores
these names with an uppcase X instead.
To search for such a name,
type an uppercase X directly before the specific epithet:
Calflora follows several nomenclature authorities
for the names of wild plants in California:
The Jepson eFlora (JEF).
- The 2012 Jepson Manual (TJM2)
- USDA PLANTS.
- The CNPS Inventory of Rare and Endangered Plants.
This is a list of about 2500 rare plants.
Certain names are accepted by CNPS which are not accepted by the other authorities.
- The 1993 Jepson Manual
- Other taxonomic references (OTR),
including the authors of newly discovered plants.
You may also want to search for plant names on the
Jepson eFlora Home Page
The Jepson eFlora covers
- names accepted in the 2012 Jepson Manual, except for those that
have been replaced by other names in the revisions since 2012; and
- new names that have been added in the revisions since 2012.
Altogether there are more than 33,000 records of
accepted and alternate scientific names from these sources.
In this context, alternate name (or sometimes synonym)
indicates a name which
was accepted at one time, but is no longer,
and which is equivalent to a currently accepted name.
endeavor to cover the entire spectrum of wild plants,
including both accepted and alternate names.
While these two do agree on most names,
there are cases in which they present contradictory interpretations.
For instance, in
JEF, Berberis aquifolium is an accepted name
and Mahonia aquifolium is an alternate name for it. In
Mahonia aquifolium is an accepted name and
Berberis aquifolium is an alternate name for it.
Choosing a Reference Authority:
Choose a reference authority from the drop down list.
If you choose a single authority, the search will only
consider records from that source.
Choosing a Package:
Several reference packages are also available.
If you choose a package, the search will consider records
from multiple sources. But, as mentioned above, the
sources may contradict one another as to what
is an accepted name and what is an alternate name.
ICPN and CNPS,
and if the relevant records are contradictory,
the search will
attempt to eliminate a contradiction by giving
priority first to records from CNPS, then to records from ICPN.
(This is the default value for many Calflora queries.)
PLANTS and CNPS, and
the search will
attempt to eliminate any contradiction by giving
priority first to records from CNPS, then to records from PLANTS.
and the search will return records from all sources
without attempting to resolve any contradiction.
In the results, this page will show each name that
matches the specified name pattern.
For each name, it will show which authorities consider the
name to be current, and which authorities consider it
to be an alternate (synonym) of some other name.
When a value such as
appears in the REFERENCE column, it means that
PLANTS and JM2 agree on this particular interpretation.
JM93 means that the name was treated in the 1993 Jepson Manual.
If the entered name includes at least two words,
then this page will show all of the alternate names of the matching names (if any)
at the bottom.
About the Plant Name Library
It is Calflora's policy to assimilate
new plant observation
data without changing the original scientific name.
When a user enters a scientific name in a plant observation
query, the search
uses a table
to translate the entered name into all relevant alternate names,
and then searches observation data for each of those names.
In effect, the translation table
acts as an interpretation of the observation data.
A feature of the Plant Name Library is
to allow a user to choose how this interpretation is made.