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Taxon  Report  
Plantago major  L.
Common plantain
Plantago major is a perennial herb that is not native to California.
Siskiyou Del Norte Modoc Humboldt Shasta Lassen Trinity Plumas Tehama Butte Mendocino Glenn Sierra Yuba Lake Nevada Colusa Placer Sutter El Dorado Yolo Alpine Napa Sonoma Sacramento Mono Amador Solano Calaveras Tuolumne San Joaquin Marin Contra Costa Alameda Santa Cruz Mariposa Madera San Francisco San Mateo Merced Fresno Stanislaus Santa Clara Inyo San Benito Tulare Kings Monterey San Bernardino San Luis Obispo Kern Santa Barbara Ventura Los Angeles Riverside Orange San Diego Imperial

Bloom Period
Genus: Plantago
Family: Plantaginaceae  
Category: angiosperm  
PLANTS group:Dicot
Jepson eFlora section: eudicot

Wetlands: Equally likely to occur in wetlands and non wetlands

Habitat: disturbed

Communities: wetland-riparian, weed, characteristic of disturbed places

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTSPlantago asiatica
PLANTSPlantago halophila
PLANTSPlantago intermedia
PLANTSPlantago major ssp. intermedia
PLANTSPlantago major var. asiatica
Information about  Plantago major from other sources

[Wikipedia] Eurasia native, Description: Plantago major, the broadleaf plantain, white man's footprint, waybread, or greater plantain, is a species of flowering plant in the plantain family Plantaginaceae. The plant is native to Eurasia. The young, tender leaves can be eaten raw, and the older, stringier leaves can be boiled in stews and eaten. Description Broadleaf Plantain Spike Plantago major is a herbaceous, perennial plant with a rosette of leaves 15?30 centimetres (6?12 inches) in diameter.[2][3] Each leaf is oval-shaped, 5?20 cm (2?8 in) long[4] and 4?9 cm (1+1?2?3+1?2 in) broad, rarely up to 30 cm (12 in) long and 17 cm (7 in) broad, with an acute apex, a smooth margin, and a distinct petiole almost as long as the leaf itself. There are five to nine conspicuous veins over the length of the leaf.[5] The flowers are small, greenish-brown with purple stamens, produced in a dense spike 5?15 cm (2?6 in) long on top of a stem 13?15 cm (5?6 in) tall and rarely to 70 cm (28 in) tall.[2][3] Plantain is wind-pollinated and propagates primarily by seeds, which are held on the long, narrow spikes which rise well above the foliage.[3][6] Each plant can produce up to 20,000 seeds, which are very small and oval-shaped, with a bitter taste.[7] (contributed by Mary Ann Machi)

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation, with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals. [web application]. 2023. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization]. Available: https://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: 12/07/2023).