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The CALINVASIVES Project
Calinvasives is a new database management system, fully interfaced with Calflora, providing basic and important information on the biology, ecology, epidemiology, and impacts of emergent pathogens or emergent pathogens associated with insects threatening native California ecosystems. Calinvasives is an ideal single source in which it is possible to:
  • Access basic information on the reproductive biology and spread strategy of emergent organisms
  • Learn about the types of symptoms caused by the pathogen or by the pathogen and vectoring insect
  • Identify further resources for a more in depth understanding of the emergent threat and of how to control it
  • Learn about the hosts affected and on the current distribution of the emergent pathogen or of insects vectoring emergent pathogens
  • Print out easy-to-read maps about pathogen or insect distribution with the option of choosing different scales of resolution, and different time periods
For pathogens or insects vectoring pathogens with a narrow host range, all of the information will be contained in a single page. For generalist pathogens, information may be contained both in the main "pathogen" page and in additional "pathogen x host species" pages. To start exploring Calinvasives go to: Calinvasives Search.

To generate a page about an emergent threat not yet included in the database management system, please create a Calflora contributor account and go to the Calinvasives Pest / Pathogen Editor.

Calinvasives Search

Viewing a Pest/Pathogen Page

Adding a Pest or Pathogen

Uploading Occurrence Data


Calinvasives Search
From the search page, enter any criteria such as Type of Pest, Name of Disease, Name of Affected Plant, etc. and press . The matching results appear on the next page. Click on the name of a pest to see details about it.



Viewing a Pest/Pathogen Page
Here is an example of a Pest/Pathogen page: Phytophthora ramorum.

Adding a Pest or Pathogen
To add a pest or pathogen, first register as a Calflora contributor. You can do this on the Calflora Home Page: press LOGIN - REGISTER in the upper right and fill out the form. It takes about a minute.

Please take a look at some examples of pests and pathogens already in the system to get a sense of the style, and what kinds of information the system can display about a pest.

Once you are registered. open the Pest / Pathogen Editor to add an organism or a complex.





Uploading Occurrence Data
Once you have added a pest or pathogen, you can upload point occurence data to show the distribution of the organism. To do so, prepare a spreadsheet with the following fields in this order:
    Latitude,   Longitude,   Date,   Result,   HostPlant,   Notes,  and OriginalID
Of these columns, only Latitude, Longitude, and Date are required.

The value of Result is either P (positive) or N (negative). The default value is P.

(Here is an example of a spreadsheet prepared in this way for Pityophthorus juglandis:
Excel Spreadsheet.)

Go to the Pest / Pathogen Editor, select your organism, and scroll down until you see the OCCURRENCE DATASETS section. Click on Add another. Enter a name for the dataset you are about to upload, and choose a release date. (Note that name and release date can be changed later.) Then press .

A dialog box opens, starting on the [Input] tab. Copy all of the data out of your spreadsheet, paste it into the big text box, and press .

The [Preview and Upload] tab will open, and you will see your data in a table. If any of the records have errors, the error appears in the last column. The most likely errors are a missing date, or a value of latitude or longitude that is not a number.

Press . Your data will be uploaded to the database, and the [Publish] tab will open. Press if you want to keep the data, or if you want to start over.

The data you just uploaded will appear on the Pest/Pathogen page for your organism. All available occurrence data will be shown in red cells, where each cell represents all of the points inside of its area. (You can set the map cell resolution in meters in the OCCURRENCE DATA section.)

The Release Date attribute of an occurrence dataset is a way of controlling when the data will be shown as individual points. If the current date is after the release date for an occurrence dataset, then the data will be displayed on the map when a user has zoomed close and selected points.

Here is a description of the various attributes and possible values:

Attribute Values
Latitude In decimal. For example 34.32321

required
Longitude In decimal. For example -118.65170

required
Date Dates coming out of an Excel spreadsheet are typically in the form MM/DD/YYYY or 12/31/2017. The upload application will convert such dates into the form needed by the database, which is YYYY-MM-DD or 2017-12-31.

required
Result P for positive, N for negative.

optional
HostPlant This is just the complete scientific name, no authors, no common name. For example, Vaccinium ovatum or Platanus racemosa

optional
Notes Any notes or comments about this record.

optional
OriginalID The record identifier from the original coolection system. (With this included, it will be possible to correspond a point record as it appears on Calinvasives maps with the record from the original collection system.)

optional


HostPlant: If the value of the HostPlant field is resolvable to the name of a plant covered by Calflora, then that occurrence record will be cross referenced to that plant. This means that if the plant is entered as a host plant for the organism, the same point will appear on the organism map/page and on the organism X host plant map/page. For instance, if there is an occurrence record for the organism Phytophthora ramorum, and the host plant on that occurrence record is Vaccinium ovatum, then that point will be shown on both the map/page for Phytophthora ramorum and the map/page for Phytophthora ramorum X Vaccinium ovatum.