Taxon  Report   6465 
Phragmites australis  (Cav.) Steudel
Common reed
Phragmites australis
© 2011 Nick Kurzenko
CalPhotos: click on a
photo to see it bigger
Phragmites australis
© 2009 Steve Matson
Phragmites australis
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California
Phragmites australis, a monocot, is a perennial grass that is native to California and is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond.
It is an invasive plant. The California Invasive Plant Council classifies its potential impact on native ecosystems as limited (plant profile / CalWeedMapper).

Interactive Distribution Map


Observation Hotline
(observation details + photos)



point, line, or polygon

one or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Plant Characteristics
and Associations



Bloom Period
Phragmites australis
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese
Family: POACEAE  
Genus: Phragmites
Communities:
Alkali Sink, Creosote Bush Scrub, Yellow Pine Forest, Foothill Woodland, Chaparral, Valley Grassland, (many plant communities), wetland-riparian
Wetlands:Usually occurs in wetlands, but occasionally found in non wetlands [U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service.]
Distribution by County 

Add an Observation of  Phragmites australis

Name Status:
Accepted by TJM2 + PLANTS + JM93
Alternate Names:
(according to)

PLANTS: Phragmites communis ssp. berlandieri
PLANTS: Phragmites phragmites
TJM2 + PLANTS: Phragmites australis var. berlandieri
TJM2: Phragmites berlandieri
TJM2 + PLANTS: Phragmites communis var. berlandieri
TJM2 + PLANTS: Phragmites communis
More information about  Phragmites australis
Nursery / seed vendor availability from CNPLX
Commercial availability unknown.
Photos on CalPhotos / Google Images

Phragmites Field Guide:  Distinguishing native and exotic forms of Phragmites australis in the United States.
Jil Swearingen and Kristin Saltonstall (Plant Conservation Alliance)

Jepson eFlora

Records from the Consortium of California Herbaria

Original Publication citation (ITIS)

USDA PLANTS Profile (PHAU7)

Search the International Plants Names Index

Search efloras.org (Flora of North America)

website references from Google


Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation,
with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the Consortium of California Herbaria.
[web application]. 2016. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization].
Available: http://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: Jul 27, 2016).

The information on this page comes from diverse sources. None of the links are sponsored.