Calflora
Taxon  Report   6465    
Phragmites australis  (Cav.) Steud.
Common reed
Phragmites australis
© 2005 Luigi Rignanese
Photos from
CalPhotos / Calflora
Phragmites australis
© 2009 Steve Matson
Phragmites australis
© 1995 Saint Mary's College of California
Phragmites australis, a monocot, is a perennial grass that is native to California, is also found elsewhere in North America and beyond.

Interactive Distribution Map


Observation Hotline
(observation details + photos)



point, line, or polygon

one or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Plant Characteristics
and Associations



Bloom Period
Phragmites australis
© 2011 Nick Kurzenko
Communities: Alkali Sink, Creosote Bush Scrub, Yellow Pine Forest, Foothill Woodland, Chaparral, Valley Grassland, (many plant communities), wetland-riparian

Wetlands: Occurs usually in wetlands, occasionally in non wetlands

Name Status:
Accepted by JEF + PLANTS

Alternate Names:
PLANTS: Phragmites communis ssp. berlandieri
PLANTS: Phragmites phragmites
ICPN + PLANTS: Phragmites australis var. berlandieri
. . .
More information about  Phragmites australis
Nursery / seed vendor availability from CNPLX
Commercial availability unknown.
Landscaping information from Calscape
Photos on PlantID.net   /   Google Images
Jepson eFlora

Records from the Consortium of California Herbaria

ITIS Original Publication citation

USDA PLANTS Profile (PHAU7)

Search the International Plants Names Index

Search efloras.org (Flora of North America)

website references from Google

Phragmites Field Guide:  Distinguishing native and exotic forms of Phragmites australis in the United States. Jil Swearingen and Kristin Saltonstall (Plant Conservation Alliance)

Cal-IPC 2006:  Species Native to Part of California, but Invasive in Other Parts of the State


Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation,
with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the Consortium of California Herbaria.
[web application]. 2018. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization].
Available: http://www.calflora.org/   (Accessed: Oct 15, 2018).

The information on this page comes from diverse sources. None of the links are sponsored.