Taxon  Report   4317 
Ilex aquifolium  L.
English holly,  Holly
Ilex aquifolium
© 2010 Vernon Smith
Click on a photo to see it bigger.
Ilex aquifolium
© 2007 Luisa Arana Navaridas
Ilex aquifolium
© 2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
Ilex aquifolium, a dicot, is a tree or shrub that is not native to California; it was introduced from elsewhere and naturalized in the wild.
It is an invasive plant. The California Invasive Plant Council classifies its potential impact on native ecosystems as moderate - ALERT (plant profile / CalWeedMapper).

Interactive Distribution Map

Observation Hotline
(observation details + photos)

point, line, or polygon

one or more occurrences
within a 7.5-minute quadrangle

Plant Characteristics
and Associations

Bloom Period
Ilex aquifolium
© 2009 Phil Pullen
Genus: Ilex
Toxicity: MINOR (BERRIES)   [California Poison Control System 2010]    
Name Status:
Accepted by TJM2 + PLANTS + JM93
More information about  Ilex aquifolium
Photos on CalPhotos / Google Images
Jepson eFlora

Records from the Consortium of California Herbaria

Original Publication citation (ITIS)


Search the International Plants Names Index

Search (Flora of North America)

website references from Google

Suggested Citation
Calflora: Information on California plants for education, research and conservation,
with data contributed by public and private institutions and individuals, including the Consortium of California Herbaria.
[web application]. 2017. Berkeley, California: The Calflora Database [a non-profit organization].
Available:   (Accessed: Apr 24, 2017).

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