NPS Early Detection, Point Reyes NS
logo Calflora Illustrated Plant List 

High priority invasive plant species for early detection in Point Reyes Natinoal Seashore. High priority species are typically not widespread in Point Reyes and/or are feasible to control in many places.
86 PLANTS
Acacia melanoxylon    Blackwood acacia
invasive non-native
Tree

FABACEAE

Acacia melanoxylon Acacia melanoxylon Acacia melanoxylon
2009 Neal Kramer
2001 Joe DiTomaso
2009 Neal Kramer

Acroptilon repens    Russian knapweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Acroptilon repens Acroptilon repens Acroptilon repens
2009 Ron Wolf
2008 John Dittes
2001 CDFA

Aegilops triuncialis    Barbed goatgrass
invasive non-native
Annual grass

POACEAE

Aegilops triuncialis Aegilops triuncialis Aegilops triuncialis
2007 Neal Kramer
2001 Joe DiTomaso
2005 Steve Matson

Ageratina adenophora    Sticky snakeroot,  Thoroughwort
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Ageratina adenophora Ageratina adenophora Ageratina adenophora
2009 Neal Kramer
2015 Richard Spellenberg
2015 Barry Breckling

Albizia lophantha    Albizia,  Plume acacia,  Stink bean
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

FABACEAE

Albizia lophantha Albizia lophantha Albizia lophantha
2008 Neal Kramer
2002 Dean Wm. Taylor
2008 Neal Kramer

Alisma lanceolatum    Lanceleaf water plantain
non-native
Perennial herb (aquatic)

ALISMATACEAE

Alisma lanceolatum Alisma lanceolatum Alisma lanceolatum
2008 Jorg & Mimi Fleige
2006 Doreen L. Smith
2006 Chet Blackburn

Ammophila arenaria    Beachgrass,  European beach grass,  European beachgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Ammophila arenaria Ammophila arenaria Ammophila arenaria
2009 Neal Kramer
2015 Zoya Akulova
2014 Trent M. Draper

Anthoxanthum odoratum    Sweet vernal grass,  Sweet vernalgrass
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial grass

POACEAE

Anthoxanthum odoratum Anthoxanthum odoratum Anthoxanthum odoratum
2008 Zoya Akulova
2009 Zoya Akulova
2008 Keir Morse

Arctotheca calendula    Cape weed
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Arctotheca calendula Arctotheca calendula Arctotheca calendula
2009 Doreen L. Smith
2011 Robert Steers/NPS
2009 Zoya Akulova

Arctotheca prostrata    prostrate cape weed,  creeping capeweed
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Arctotheca prostrata Arctotheca prostrata Arctotheca prostrata
2005 George W. Hartwell
2011 Robert Steers
2015 Richard Spellenberg

Arundo donax    Giant reed
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Arundo donax Arundo donax Arundo donax
2008 John Dittes
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
2011 Zoya Akulova

Berberis darwinii    Darwin's berberis
invasive non-native
Shrub

BERBERIDACEAE

Berberis darwinii Berberis darwinii Berberis darwinii
2008 Zoya Akulova
2015 Nicholas Stevenson
2015 Nicholas Stevenson

Brachypodium distachyon    False brome,  Purple false brome
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial grass

POACEAE

Brachypodium distachyon Brachypodium distachyon Brachypodium distachyon
2008 Zoya Akulova
2001 Joe DiTomaso
2000 Joe DiTomaso

Buddleja davidii    Butterfly bush,  Summer lilac
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

SCROPHULARIACEAE

Buddleja davidii Buddleja davidii Buddleja davidii
2007 Louis-M. Landry
2011 Michael O'Brien
2011 Mike Perlmutter

Cakile edentula    American searocket,  Sea rocket
non-native
Annual herb

BRASSICACEAE

Cakile edentula Cakile edentula Cakile edentula
2010 Louis-M. Landry
2006 Louis-M. Landry
2006 Louis-M. Landry

Calendula arvensis    Field marigold
non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Calendula arvensis Calendula arvensis Calendula arvensis
2005 Luigi Rignanese
2007 Luigi Rignanese
2010 Zoya Akulova

Carduus acanthoides    Plumeless thistle,  Spiny plumeless thistle
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Carduus acanthoides Carduus acanthoides Carduus acanthoides
2001 CDFA
2010 Dr.Thomas K. Voekler
2001 CDFA

Carex pendula    Hanging sedge
non-native
Perennial grasslike herb

CYPERACEAE

Carex pendula Carex pendula Carex pendula
2009 Dean Wm. Taylor, Ph.D.
2013 Robert Steers/NPS
2011 Mike Perlmutter

Carthamus lanatus    Woolly distaff thistle
invasive non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Carthamus lanatus Carthamus lanatus
2006 Luigi Rignanese
2006 Luigi Rignanese

Centaurea calcitrapa    Purple star thistle,  Red star thistle
invasive non-native
Annual, Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Centaurea calcitrapa Centaurea calcitrapa Centaurea calcitrapa
2005 Luigi Rignanese
2008 Jennifer Buck
2009 Barry Rice

Centaurea iberica    Iberian knapweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Centaurea iberica Centaurea iberica
2001 CDFA
2001 CDFA

Centaurea melitensis    Maltese star thistle,  Napa star thistle,  Tocalote
invasive non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Centaurea melitensis Centaurea melitensis Centaurea melitensis
2005 James M. Andre
2007 Neal Kramer
2008 Keir Morse

Centaurea solstitialis    Barnaby's thistle,  Yellow star thistle
invasive non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Centaurea solstitialis Centaurea solstitialis Centaurea solstitialis
2004 Carol W. Witham
2008 Luigi Rignanese
2014 Robert F Norris

Conicosia pugioniformis    False ice plant,  Narrow leaved iceplant
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

AIZOACEAE

Conicosia pugioniformis Conicosia pugioniformis
1997 Christopher L. Christie
Gerald and Buff Corsi 2007 California Academy of Sciences

Cotoneaster franchetii    Cotoneaster,  Francheti cotoneaster,  Orange cotoneaster
invasive non-native
Shrub

ROSACEAE

Cotoneaster franchetii Cotoneaster franchetii Cotoneaster franchetii
2006 Peter Zika
2001 Joe DiTomaso
2006 Peter Zika

Cotoneaster pannosus    Cotoneaster,  Silverleaf cotoneaster,  Woolly cotoneaster
invasive non-native
Shrub

ROSACEAE

Cotoneaster pannosus Cotoneaster pannosus Cotoneaster pannosus
2008 Neal Kramer
2009 Neal Kramer
2006 Peter Zika

Cytisus scoparius    Scotch broom,  Scotchbroom
invasive non-native
Shrub

FABACEAE

Cytisus scoparius Cytisus scoparius Cytisus scoparius
2009 Zoya Akulova
2008 Zoya Akulova
2008 Neal Kramer

Datura stramonium    Jimson weed,  Jimsonweed
non-native
Annual herb

SOLANACEAE

Datura stramonium Datura stramonium Datura stramonium
2004 Joseph Dougherty/ecology.org
2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
2009 Neal Kramer

Delairea odorata    Cape ivy
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Delairea odorata Delairea odorata Delairea odorata
2002 Tony Morosco
2012 David Wolfson
2008 Neal Kramer

Dittrichia graveolens    Stinkwort
invasive non-native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Dittrichia graveolens Dittrichia graveolens Dittrichia graveolens
2008 Keir Morse
2014 Neal Kramer
2003 Dean Wm. Taylor

Echium candicans    Pride of madeira
invasive non-native
Shrub

BORAGINACEAE

Echium candicans Echium candicans Echium candicans
2009 Neal Kramer
2009 Neal Kramer
2009 Neal Kramer

Egeria densa    Brazilian water weed,  Brazilian waterweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

HYDROCHARITACEAE

Egeria densa Egeria densa
2001 CDFA
2009 Barry Rice

Ehrharta calycina    Perennial veldt grass,  Perennial veldtgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Ehrharta calycina Ehrharta calycina Ehrharta calycina
2013 Dale Ritenour
2015 Zoya Akulova
2014 Neal Kramer

Euphorbia oblongata    Eggleaf spurge
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

EUPHORBIACEAE

Euphorbia oblongata Euphorbia oblongata Euphorbia oblongata
2014 Neal Kramer
2014 Neal Kramer
2008 Neal Kramer

Fallopia japonica    Japanese knotweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

POLYGONACEAE

Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica Fallopia japonica
2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
2005 Louis-M. Landry
2011 Louis-M. Landry

Genista monspessulana    French broom
invasive non-native
Shrub

FABACEAE

Genista monspessulana Genista monspessulana Genista monspessulana
2008 Neal Kramer
2010 Neal Kramer
2008 Gary McDonald

Geranium purpureum    Herb robert
non-native
Annual, Biennial herb

GERANIACEAE

Geranium purpureum Geranium purpureum Geranium purpureum
2013 Neal Kramer
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
2008 Neal Kramer

Geranium robertianum    Robert geranium,  Robert's geranium
invasive non-native
Annual herb

GERANIACEAE

Geranium robertianum Geranium robertianum Geranium robertianum
2013 Robert Steers/NPS
2003 Monty Rickard
2009 Jim Maloney

Glyceria declinata    Waxy mannagrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Glyceria declinata Glyceria declinata Glyceria declinata
2007 Neal Kramer
2011 Christopher Bronny
2013 Jean Pawek

Hedera helix    English ivy
invasive non-native
Vine, Shrub

ARALIACEAE

Hedera helix Hedera helix Hedera helix
1985 Joe DiTomaso
2009 Phil Pullen
2014 Margo Bors

Helichrysum petiolare    Licorice plant
invasive non-native
Shrub, Vine

ASTERACEAE

Helichrysum petiolare Helichrysum petiolare
2011 Daniel Gluesenkamp
2011 Daniel Gluesenkamp

Hypericum grandifolium    Canary island st john's wort
invasive non-native
Shrub

HYPERICACEAE

Hypericum grandifolium Hypericum grandifolium
2011 Eric Wrubel/NPS
2011 Mike Perlmutter

Hypericum perforatum    Common st. johnswort,  Klamath weed,  Klamathweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

HYPERICACEAE

Hypericum perforatum Hypericum perforatum Hypericum perforatum
2005 Louis-M. Landry
2005 Louis-M. Landry
2005 Louis-M. Landry

Ilex aquifolium    English holly,  Holly
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

AQUIFOLIACEAE

Ilex aquifolium Ilex aquifolium Ilex aquifolium
2009 Phil Pullen
2010 Vernon Smith
2007 Luisa Arana Navaridas

Iris pseudacorus    Horticultural iris,  Paleyellow iris,  Water iris
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

IRIDACEAE

Iris pseudacorus Iris pseudacorus Iris pseudacorus
2004 Nick Kurzenko
2014 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
2014 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lamiastrum galeobdolon    Yellow archangel
non-native
Perennial herb

LAMIACEAE

Lamiastrum galeobdolon Lamiastrum galeobdolon Lamiastrum galeobdolon
2007 Louis-M. Landry
2007 Louis-M. Landry
2009 Phil Pullen

Lathyrus latifolius    Everlasting pea,  Perennial pea,  Perennial sweet pea
non-native
Perennial herb

FABACEAE

Lathyrus latifolius Lathyrus latifolius Lathyrus latifolius
2008 Keir Morse
2008 Louis-M. Landry
2005 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Lepidium latifolium    Broad leaved pepper grass,  Broadleaved pepperweed,  Perennial pepperweed
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

BRASSICACEAE

Lepidium latifolium Lepidium latifolium Lepidium latifolium
2002 Jennifer Forman
2010 Zoya Akulova
2010 Zoya Akulova

Leucanthemum vulgare    Oxe eye daisy,  Oxeye daisy
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Leucanthemum vulgare Leucanthemum vulgare Leucanthemum vulgare
2005 Lisa Powers
2006 Louis-M. Landry
2008 Keir Morse

Ligustrum lucidum    Glossy privet
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

OLEACEAE

Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum Ligustrum lucidum
2012 Ron Vanderhoff
2011 Eric Wrubel, NPS
Eric Wrubel, NPS

Ligustrum vulgare    European privet
non-native
Tree, Shrub

OLEACEAE

Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare Ligustrum vulgare
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Limonium ramosissimum    Algerian sealavender
non-native
Perennial herb

PLUMBAGINACEAE

Limonium ramosissimum Limonium ramosissimum Limonium ramosissimum
2007 Brad Kelley
2011 Mike Perlmutter
2011 CNPS, San Luis Obispo Chapter

Linaria vulgaris    Butter and eggs
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

PLANTAGINACEAE

Linaria vulgaris Linaria vulgaris Linaria vulgaris
2006 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy
2014 John Doyen
2013 Ron Wolf

Ludwigia hexapetala    Ludwigia,  Six petal water primrose
native
Perennial herb

ONAGRACEAE

Ludwigia hexapetala Ludwigia hexapetala Ludwigia hexapetala
2014 Neal Kramer
2000 Joe DiTomaso
2000 Joe DiTomaso

Ludwigia peploides ssp. montevedensis    Floating primrose willow,  Floating water primrose,  Marsh purslane
(currently Ludwigia peploides)
native
Perennial herb

ONAGRACEAE

Ludwigia peploides ssp. montevedensis Ludwigia peploides ssp. montevedensis Ludwigia peploides ssp. montevedensis
2007 Neal Kramer
2012 Jean Pawek
2007 Neal Kramer

Marrubium vulgare    White horehound
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

LAMIACEAE

Marrubium vulgare Marrubium vulgare Marrubium vulgare
2003 Michael Charters
2010 Lee Dittmann
2007 Luigi Rignanese

Maytenus boaria    Mayten
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

CELASTRACEAE

Maytenus boaria Maytenus boaria
2011 Sam Abercrombie
2011 Sam Abercrombie

Myriophyllum aquaticum    Parrot feather watermilfoil,  Parrot's feather
invasive non-native
Perennial herb (aquatic)

HALORAGACEAE

Myriophyllum aquaticum Myriophyllum aquaticum Myriophyllum aquaticum
2011 Louis-M. Landry
2010 Zoya Akulova
2011 Eric Wrubel/NPS

Myriophyllum spicatum    American milfoil,  Eurasian milfoil,  Spike watermilfoil
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

HALORAGACEAE

Myriophyllum spicatum Myriophyllum spicatum
2001 Joe DiTomaso
2009 Barry Rice

Nassella tenuissima    Finestem needlegrass,  Mexican feathergrass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Nassella tenuissima Nassella tenuissima Nassella tenuissima
2015 Neal Kramer
2010 Michael O'Brien
2010 Adonis (Don) Tate

Oxalis pes-caprae    Bermuda buttercup,  Sourgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

OXALIDACEAE

Oxalis pes-caprae Oxalis pes-caprae Oxalis pes-caprae
Jo-Ann Ordano 2005 California Academy of Sciences
2009 Thomas Stoughton
2009 Barry Rice

Paspalum dilatatum    Dallis grass,  Dallisgrass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Paspalum dilatatum Paspalum dilatatum Paspalum dilatatum
2006 Steven Thorsted
2009 Zoya Akulova
2002 Ann Dennis

Pennisetum clandestinum    Kikuyu grass,  Kikuyugrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Pennisetum clandestinum Pennisetum clandestinum Pennisetum clandestinum
2009 Zoya Akulova
2009 Barry Rice
2009 Zoya Akulova

Phalaris arundinacea    Reed canarygrass
native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Phalaris arundinacea Phalaris arundinacea
2008 Keir Morse
2008 Keir Morse

Phalaris elongata    Kolea grass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE


Pittosporum undulatum    Australian cheesewood,  Victorian box
invasive non-native
Tree, Shrub

PITTOSPORACEAE

Pittosporum undulatum Pittosporum undulatum Pittosporum undulatum
2008 Zoya Akulova
2013 Robert Sikora
2015 Zoya Akulova

Rhamnus alaternus    Italian buckhorn
(currently Rhamnus alaterna)
non-native
Shrub

RHAMNACEAE

Rhamnus alaternus Rhamnus alaternus Rhamnus alaternus
2012 Jean Pawek
2011 Eric Wrubel
2015 Ron Vanderhoff

Robinia pseudoacacia    Black locust
invasive non-native
Tree

FABACEAE

Robinia pseudoacacia Robinia pseudoacacia Robinia pseudoacacia
2008 Keir Morse
2000 Joe DiTomaso
1998 John Randall, Ph.D.

Romulea rosea var. australis    Rosy sand crocus,  Rosy sandcrocus
non-native
Perennial herb

IRIDACEAE

Romulea rosea var. australis Romulea rosea var. australis
2008 Neal Kramer
2002 Dean Wm. Taylor

Rubus discolor    Himalayan blackberry
(currently Rubus armeniacus)
invasive non-native
Shrub

ROSACEAE

Rubus discolor Rubus discolor Rubus discolor
2008 Thomas Stoughton
2009 Zoya Akulova
2011 Robert A. Hamilton

Rytidosperma penicillatum    Purple awned wallaby gras
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Rytidosperma penicillatum Rytidosperma penicillatum Rytidosperma penicillatum
2010 Robert Steers/NPS
2009 Zoya Akulova
2010 Robert Steers/NPS

Salsola soda    Alkali russian thistle,  Oppositeleaf russian thistle
invasive non-native
Annual herb

CHENOPODIACEAE

Salsola soda Salsola soda Salsola soda
2009 Zoya Akulova
2000 Joe DiTomaso
2006 Luigi Rignanese

Senecio jacobaea    Stinking willie,  Tansy ragwort
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

ASTERACEAE

Senecio jacobaea Senecio jacobaea Senecio jacobaea
2014 Richard Spellenberg
2009 Phil Pullen
2009 Zoya Akulova

Solanum aviculare    New zealand nightshade,  Nightshade
non-native
Shrub

SOLANACEAE

Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare Solanum aviculare
2005 John Conley
2005 John Conley
2011 Eric Wrubel/NPS

Spartina alterniflora    Salt water cord grass,  Smooth cordgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Spartina alterniflora Spartina alterniflora Spartina alterniflora
2009 Zoya Akulova
2009 Zoya Akulova
2009 Zoya Akulova

Spartium junceum    Gorse,  Spanish broom
invasive non-native
Shrub

FABACEAE

Spartium junceum Spartium junceum Spartium junceum
2006 Luigi Rignanese
2009 Barry Rice
2006 Jennifer Naegele

Stipa chaetophora    Stipoid ricegrass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Stipa chaetophora Stipa chaetophora
2011 Robert Steers/NPS
2011 Robert Steers/NPS

Stipa manicata    Andean tussockgrass
invasive non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Stipa manicata Stipa manicata
2011 Eric Wrubel, NPS
2011 Eric Wrubel, NPS

Stipa miliacea    Smilo grass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Stipa miliacea Stipa miliacea Stipa miliacea
2000 Joe DiTomaso
2009 Keir Morse
2012 Michael O'Brien

Stipa purpurata    Bristly needle grass
non-native
Perennial grass

POACEAE

Stipa purpurata Stipa purpurata Stipa purpurata
2011 Robert Steers/NPS
2011 Steve Matson
2001 CDFA

Tetragonia tetragonioides    New zealand spinach
invasive non-native
Annual herb

AIZOACEAE

Tetragonia tetragonioides Tetragonia tetragonioides Tetragonia tetragonioides
2015 John Doyen
2009 Neal Kramer
2012 Ron Vanderhoff

Tradescantia fluminensis    Small leaf spiderwort,  Wandering jew
non-native
Perennial herb

COMMELINACEAE

Tradescantia fluminensis Tradescantia fluminensis
2002 Tony Morosco
2002 Tony Morosco

Trifolium angustifolium    Narrow leaved clover,  Narrowleaf crimson clover
non-native
Annual herb

FABACEAE

Trifolium angustifolium Trifolium angustifolium Trifolium angustifolium
2011 Zoya Akulova
2012 Neal Kramer
2007 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Ulex europaeus    Common gorse
invasive non-native
Shrub

FABACEAE

Ulex europaeus Ulex europaeus Ulex europaeus
2006 David A. Tharp
2011 Zoya Akulova
2008 Zoya Akulova

Vinca major    Bigleaf periwinkle,  Greater periwinkle,  Vinca
invasive non-native
Perennial herb

APOCYNACEAE

Vinca major Vinca major Vinca major
2007 Neal Kramer
2007 Luigi Rignanese
2004 Dr. Amadej Trnkoczy

Xanthium spinosum    Spiny clotbur,  Spiny cockleburr
native
Annual herb

ASTERACEAE

Xanthium spinosum Xanthium spinosum Xanthium spinosum
2014 Richard Spellenberg
2010 Zoya Akulova
2015 Zoya Akulova